First, there are two basic Buddhist terms related to motivation.
- Restraint (samvara-padhana): In practice, the struggle to stop counterproductive motives before they arise. Samvara 三跋羅 is also translated as blocking, suppression, obstruction, hindrance, warding off.
- Let go (pahana-padhana 断勤): In practice, the struggle to let go of counterproductive motives that have already arisen. Pahana 斷 is also translated as abandonment, cutting off, severance, destroying, ending, elimination, stopping.
- Cultivation (bhavana padhana 修勤). In practice, the struggle to cultivate constructive motives that have not yet arisen. Bhavana 修 修行 is also translated as development, nurturing, training, education, producing, stimulation.
- Maintaining (anurakkhana padhana 隨護斷): In practice, the struggle to maintain constructive motives after they have arisen. Anurakkhana is also translated as guarding, protecting, preservation,